Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmiri: جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر, ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर, Urdu: جموں و کشمیر) (often abbreviated as Kashmir or J & K) is a disputed territory between India and Pakistan claimed as a state by India. It lies mostly in the Himalayan mountains. The region is referred to as Indian occupied Kashmir by Pakistan. The claim of the region as a state by India is disputed as it's done on the whole Kashmir Region which also contains the Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir shares a border with the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, Pakistan to the north and west and the People's Republic of China to the northeast and east.
Jammu and Kashmir consists of three divisions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the Indian administered area's summer capital, and Jammu its winter capital. While the Kashmir Valley is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape, Jammu attracts tens of thousands of Hindu and Muslim pilgrims every year. Ladakh, also known as "Little Tibet", is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture. Though Islam is practiced by about 65% of population (and 95% of the population in the Kashmir Valley), the state has significant minorities of Hindus (who constitute 67% of the population in Jammu and 30% of the state's population), Buddhists (who constitute 51% of the population in Ladhakh and 3% of the total population of the state), and Sikhs (who form 5% of Jammu's population and 2% of the state's population).