Russia (IPA: [ˈɹʌ.ʃə]) (Russian: Росси́я, Rossiya; pronounced [rʌˈsʲi.jə]), also the Russian Federation (Росси́йская Федера́ция, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya; [rʌˈsʲi.skə.jə fʲɪ.dʲɪˈra.ʦɨ.jə],(Russian language) listen ), is a transcontinental country extending over much of northern Eurasia (Asia and Europe). With an area of 17,075,400 km², Russia is by far the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the total area of the next-largest country, Canada, and has enormous mineral and energy resources. Russia has the world's ninth-largest population. Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States (the state of Alaska), Sweden, and Japan across relatively small stretches of water (the Bering Strait, the Baltic Sea, and La Pérouse Strait, respectively).
Formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Russia became the Russian Federation following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. After the Soviet era, the area, population, and industrial production of the Soviet Union (then one of the world's two Cold War superpowers, the other superpower being the United States) that were located in Russia passed on to the Russian Federation.
After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the newly-independent Russian Federation emerged as a great power and is also considered to be an energy superpower. Russia is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters and is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It is also one of the five recognised nuclear weapons states and possesses the world's largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is the leading nation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, a member of the G8 as well as other international organisations.
- Federal subjects
The Russian Federation comprises 85 federal subjects, namely:
KD Avia is an airline based in Kaliningrad, Russia. It operates scheduled services within Russia, CIS and Europe. Its main base is Khrabrovo Airport, Kaliningrad.
Sky Express, also known in Russian as Скай Экспресс, is the first and only Russian airline presenting itself as a low-coster focusing on internal flights. Its main base is Vnukovo International Airport. Source: wikipedia.org
Vladivostok Air (also Vladivostok Avia; Russian: Владивосток Авиа) is an airline based in Vladivostok, Russia. It operates scheduled domestic flights and international flights to United States,China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnam and Germany. VIP flights and helicopter services are also provided. Its main base is Vladivostok International Airport (VVO).