Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland (help·info), IPA: [ˈbundəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔjtʃlant]), is a country in West-central Europe. It is bordered on the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; on the east by Poland and the Czech Republic; on the south by Austria and Switzerland; and on the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
Germany is a parliamentary federal republic of sixteen states (Bundesländer). The capital city and seat of government is Berlin. As a nation-state, the country was unified amidst the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. After its defeat in World War II Germany was divided, and it became reunified in 1990. It is a founding member of the European Union, and with over 82 million people it has the largest population among the EU member states.
The Federal Republic of Germany is a modern great power, a member state of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G4 nations and, as of 2006, ranked sixth in military expenditure. Germany is the world's third largest economy by nominal GDP, the world's largest exporter of goods, and the world's second largest importer of goods. In 2007 it held the rotating presidencies of both the European Council and the G8 summits.
Air Berlin AG (FSE: AB1) is Germany's second largest airline after Lufthansa. It is based in Berlin, Germany, and operates extensive semi-low-cost services to holiday destinations on the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands and North Africa, as well as to major cities in Europe from 20 German airports. Its main base is Berlin-Tegel International Airport, with hubs at Düsseldorf International Airport, Nuremberg Airport and Son Sant Joan Airport, Palma.
Germania (Germania Fluggesellschaft mbH) is an airline based in Berlin-Tegel International Airport, Germany. It operates mainly dry and wet lease services for other airlines, as well as a reduced holiday charter programme to the Mediterranean, North Africa and Kosovo.
Germanwings is a low-cost airline based in Cologne and Bonn, Germany. It operates services to over 66 destinations in Europe. Its main base is Cologne Bonn Airport, with secondary bases at Stuttgart Airport, Berlin-Schönefeld International Airport and Hamburg Airport and Dortmund Airport. On 29th January 2008, plans were announced to merge low-cost airline operations of Deutsche Lufthansa AG and TUI Travel PLC (Germanwings, Eurowings, TUIfly) into a joint and independent holding company. Source: Wikipedia.org
TUIfly is the third biggest airline in Germany (after Lufthansa and Air Berlin) and was founded in January 2007 as a cooperation of Hapag-Lloyd Flug and Hapag-Lloyd Express whose brands Hapagfly and HLX.com are no longer used. All flights are operated by Hapag-Lloyd Flug while Hapag-Lloyd Express markets them. Source: wikipedia.org