ASFA
protectyourbubble.com
ASFA ASFA EN ASFA
ASFA
Menu
WELCOME TO ASFA

ONLINE RESERVATIONS
Car Hire
Coaches
Ferries
Flights
Low Cost Airlines
Hotels
Rail
INSURANCE4CARHIRE
ASFA Useful Links
Travel Books
Travel Agent Login
 
3 months free membership
3 months free membership
 
 
ASFA
ASFA
ASFA
africa americas asia europe pacific
Cyprus (North)

 Famagusta - Onur Tourism And Travel


The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti) or Turkish Cypriot State (Turkish: Kıbrıs Türk Devleti) is a de facto break-away state in the northern third of the island of Cyprus.

It was unilaterally proclaimed in 1983, nine years after the Greek Cypriot coup d'etat that was carried out by supporters of EOKA-B with backing from the Greek military junta of 1967-1974, and the ensuing Turkish invasion of Cyprus, whose military maintain a strong presence in the TRNC to this day. Its immediate predecessor from 1975 to 1983 was the Turkish Federative State of North Cyprus; but the lead up to its establishment started in 1963 with the collapse of the Cypriot community into two antagonistic camps.

Turkey is currently the only state that recognizes the TRNC. It can be considered a de facto state but with restricted outlets and international rights outside its borders. As it is not recognised as a state by the international community, it is sometimes referred to as a Stabilised De Facto Regime. The Organization of the Islamic Conference has taken steps to remove the isolation of the TRNC[1]. However, all national governments (including Muslim states) and the United Nations recognize only the de jure sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the whole island. The United Nations considers the TRNC to be legally invalid[2] in its resolutions, but in practice treats the North's elected leadership as bona fide negotiators for the Turkish Cypriot community. Since the Annan plan referendum the UN has voiced its disappointment to the government of the Republic of Cyprus for the rejection of the plan, and refrained from referring to pre-Annan Plan resolutions[citation needed]. The TRNC is also increasingly treated as a separate entity by major country analysts such as Economist Intelligence Unit and Jane's Intelligence. The TRNC functions as a self-governing protectorate of Turkey. The European Court of Human Rights, in the landmark judgment of Loizidou v. Turkey, has in fact called TRNC a "subordinate local administration of Turkey." Although TRNC institutions are not recognized internationally, the President of the TRNC is recognized as the negotiating representative of the Turkish Cypriot community. TRNC has applied to the Commonwealth Games Federation to take part in the Commonwealth Games as a team separate from Cyprus, but so far this proposal has been rejected.

The TRNC has a population of about 200,000 and an area of 3,355 square kilometres (including the tiny enclave of Kokkina (Turkish: Erenköy). Its population is almost entirely Turkish-speaking ethnic Turks - although some Turkish Cypriots prefer emphasizing their Cypriot Turkishness, or simply their Cypriotness. The population consists of three main communities: indigenous Turkish Cypriots, intergrated Turkish settlers who can be considered Turkish Cypriots either through marriage or born on the island, and migrant Anatolian Turks; there also some Kurds amonst the settlers. Many of the older Turkish Cypriots speak and understand Greek - some may even be considered native speakers of the Greek Cypriot dialect. There are also tiny populations of enclaved Greek Cypriots and Maronites. The TRNC includes the northern part of the city of Nicosia (Turkish: Lefkoşa, Greek: Lefkosia), which serves as its capital. A large share of the people living in northern Cyprus after the Turkish invasion have emigrated, particularly to Western Europe but also to Turkey and have subsequently been replaced by settlers from Turkey. Many left the island due to the grim economic situation of the TRNC which, because of the prevailing embargo imposed on it by the international community, faces many difficulties in trading with third countries.

From the tip of the Karpass Peninsula (Cape Apostolos Andreas) in the northeast, the TRNC extends westward to Morphou Bay and Cape Kormakitis (the Kokkina/Erenköy exclave marks the westernmost extent of the TRNC), and southward to the village of Akıncılar. The territory between the TRNC and the remainder of Cyprus is separated by a United Nations-controlled buffer zone.

Source: www.wikipedia.org



Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia (Hrvatska)
Cyprus (North)
Cyprus (South)
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Faroe Islands
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Kosovo
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Malta
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
UK Channel Islands
UK England Bath and North East Somerset
UK England Bedford
UK England Bedfordshire
UK England Berkshire
UK England Blackburn with Darwen
UK England Blackpool
UK England Bournemouth
UK England Bracknell Forest
UK England Brighton & Hove
UK England Bristol
UK England Buckinghamshire
UK England Cambridgeshire
UK England Central Bedfordshire
UK England Cheshire East
UK England Cheshire West and Chester
UK England Cornwall
UK England County Durham
UK England Cumbria
UK England Darlington
UK England Derby
UK England Derbyshire
UK England Devon
UK England Dorset
UK England East Riding of Yorkshire
UK England East Sussex
UK England Essex
UK England Gloucestershire
UK England Greater London
UK England Greater Manchester
UK England Halton
UK England Hampshire
UK England Hartlepool
UK England Herefordshire
UK England Hertfordshire
UK England Hull
UK England Isle of Wight
UK England Isles of Scilly
UK England Kent
UK England Lancashire
UK England Leicester
UK England Leicestershire
UK England Lincolnshire
UK England Luton
UK England Medway
UK England Merseyside
UK England Middlesbrough
UK England Milton Keynes
UK England Norfolk
UK England Northamptonshire
UK England North East Lincolnshire
UK England North Lincolnshire
UK England North Somerset
UK England Northumberland
UK England North Yorkshire
UK England Nottingham
UK England Nottinghamshire
UK England Oxfordshire
UK England Peterborough
UK England Plymouth
UK England Poole
UK England Portsmouth
UK England Reading
UK England Redcar and Cleveland
UK England Rutland
UK England Shropshire
UK England Slough
UK England Somerset
UK England Southampton
UK England Southend-on-Sea
UK England South Gloucestershire
UK England South Yorkshire
UK England Staffordshire
UK England Stockton-on-Tees
UK England Stoke-on-Trent
UK England Suffolk
UK England Surrey
UK England Swindon
UK England Telford and Wrekin
UK England Thurrock
UK England Torbay
UK England Tyne and Wear
UK England Warrington
UK England Warwickshire
UK England West Berkshire
UK England West Midlands
UK England West Sussex
UK England West Yorkshire
UK England Wiltshire
UK England Windsor and Maidenhead
UK England Wokingham
UK England Worcestershire
UK England York
UK Northern Ireland
Ukraine
UK Scotland
UK Wales
  Made by Webfactory Bulgaria. ©1995-2008 ASFA